What Where The Dominant Influences Cultural Studies Essay
Where he was born and educated?
Luigi Colani is the most famous also the most subversive designers, international design community recognized as the "Leonardo da Vinci in the 21 century", he design of model is very exaggerated work, hope that through more freedom modelling to increase interest.
On August 2, 1928, Luigi Colani was born in Berlin, Germany. His family at the time of the Berlin is a very poor family; he was born due to family poverty, since there are no good toys. His parents have no money to buy toys for him, but young Luigi Colani began to make him own toys. That’s why he practice he is good at design ability, and this is key for him on the road after the design
In 1946, Luigi Colani enrolled in Berlin academy of fine arts, and when he was young man he study in Berlin art university application study sculpture and painting. And then he went to the Pariser Sorbonne university study aerodynamics. After graduation, he began designer career at carat in Paris. Luigi Colani mainly involved in automotive design, has designed products for many car brands cooperation car brands Fiat, Alfa-Romeo, Lancia, VW, BMV, Ferrari, etc.
What were the dominant influences in their lives?
Luigi Colani some saying once let a person feel incredible, such as "private time to start, the egg is the highest packaging form", "the universe without line", etc. He believes that according to their own nature law, use curve invention unique ecological shape (Bio - form), and they are widely used in ball pen, fashion, automobile, building and crafts of design. As the most famous twenty century, at the same time is also the most controversial one of the designer, some people think he is eccentric, also some people regard him as a genius and sage worship.
What was the designer primary design philosophy or methodology?
The earth is round; all the interstellar objects are round, and in circular or elliptic orbit operation, even our own is also from the circular species cells multiply out. I will follow the Galileo's belief: my world is round.
Luigi Colani said his design is people-oriented. For instance, we want to design a chair, it must be suitable for the human body's physiological characteristics, let sit above, feel the most comfortable. Again for instance design a cup, maybe you think its shape some "strange", but it will not change, that is its handle must be in you feel the most best that position
Each a good designer should have its own characteristics. My design has always been the pursuit of freedom on modelling, have strong bionic means and change consciousness. Environmental protection and bionic is my design features.
Colani said "Because my design has been trying to break this reason. But I say, you work designed, it may come as a surprise, but must conform to the scientific principle. I am learning air dynamics, I design a lot of transport looks weird, but it has air dynamics theory basis. For instance I design ground transportation, speed can reach 540 km/hour, but very smooth, because I in this design, the use of a bionic principle. It is like a reverse a bird's wings. In normal condition, reaches a certain speed later, in air power, under the action of bird will take off, leave the ground, but if in turn, put it in a looking-glass state, although to the speed, it is still very smooth running on the ground, because the air dynamic role it will continue to pressure to the ground."
What were the preferred materials or materiality of the designer?
He often use bamboo rattan and other environmental protection material or compound regenerative type material in his design he multi-purpose composite renewable plastic products design a lot of these products are not only beautiful and environmental protection
In 1952-53 Luigi Colani lived in California, where he tested new materials suitable for high speeds for aircraft maker Douglas.
List the designer documented work (including images)
In 1953, he lived in California, where he was responsible for the people of California McDonnell project team.Moving to the design of the car, in 1954, he obtained the creation and design of the Golden Rose Award, the special Fiat body in Geneva, Switzerland, in the next few years, he will be many Fiat designed originator. 1957 Alfa Romeo design  Martini Rosso Museum to become a sports car at the Nürburgring in a circle, within 10 minutes of the clock;  it can now be seen.Constant innovation, in 1958, he sailed in the vessel also very interested. His catamaran design racing success in Hawaii. Returned to the car, in 1959, he launched the world's first monocoque sports car, the BMW 700, and in 1960 the world's first kit car series, Colani GT sold 1700 copies. In 1966, he found in the design of his two-door sports car at the Frankfurt IAA.
By the 1960s, his design range had also expanded to include household objects and furniture, beginning in 1963 with his elephant piggy bank, and in 1965 he gained worldwide success with furniture designs for Asko, Fritz-Hansen, Cor, and Kusch+Co.
He had developed a sufficient reputation and income by 1970 to establish an studio with a major design team at Harkotten Castle near Sassenberg, Germany. The studio was an enormous success, with work and exhibitions worldwide for many major companies. Meanwhile, he continued with his innovations in car design, including his 1972 design of the Eifelland Formula One car.
The year 1982 saw Colani relocating to Japan, where a year later he accepted a position as professor in Tokyo. He continues to show his designs at international exhibitions, including a 1987 show at Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris. Car designs continued in Japan for Mazda and he did a pen design for Pelikan A.G., Germany. The Colani Cormoran aircraft design was shown in mockup at the Paris Air Show
In 1988 he opened offices in Toulouse and Bremen. He was also appointed a professor at the University of the Arts Bremen, as he meanwhile prepared on a wide-scale basis to establish new speed records on land, water and air and economy world records in Utah. He sets record in a specially-designed Ferrari at Bonneville Speedway in 1991.
He designed new uniforms for aircrew at Swissair, the last designs used by the airline before re-branding as Swiss in 2002. In 1991, he designed an optical frame and jewelry collection. that decade, other designs included field glasses (1993); office furniture designs for Grahl, Michigan USA (1996); a new piano for famous piano builder Wilhelm Schimmel (1997); a water bottle design for Carolinen-Brunnen, Germany and a new microscope and photo camera (both 1998); and new shower (bathroom-combination)-generation for the German company Dusar and a furniture project with Kusch & Co., Germany
His architectural designs continued with the "Human-City" architecture model for MW Energie AG in Mannheim, Germany (2000) and later developed an experimental house design for Hanse-Haus, the German prefabricators.
He designed a new spectacle frames show in Milan, Paris and Las Vegas, and in 2001 designed a new microscope and photo camera (Seagull) in Colani Shanghai office. In the entire German exhibition held at the mall Chaoguo 30 (ECE-group). He opened one of the world's leading design museum, Pinakothek der Modern, Munich, Germany (2002) several Colani design.
1.6 Any other relevant facts.
http://img.365imgs.cn/www/vision/character/h122/h41/img20101022102003XZ280.jpg Cannon he designed the shape
http://img.365imgs.cn/www/vision/character/h122/h41/img20101022101954unEt0.jpg Colani BMW
http://img.365imgs.cn/www/vision/character/h122/h41/img20101022101953yNEo0.jpg Neat-o car
http://img.365imgs.cn/www/vision/character/h122/h41/img20101022101959SAkb0.jpg Benz truck
2. Design Era (Arts & Crafts Movement)
2.1 Where was it started?
The end of the 19th century, in the famous British social activists Morris "artists and craftsmen to design and manufacture with the aesthetic quality for the masses enjoy crafts" under the influence of the claim, the British appeared many similar handicraft production mechanism. In 1888 the English a group of artists and technicians formed "British craft art exhibition association", we regularly organize international exhibitions, and the publication of the art studio "magazine. Las gold - Morris craft art thought widely spread and influence of Europe and America. This is the so-called British arts and crafts movement.
2.2 When was it founded?
Arts and Crafts movement is the 19th century, originated in the United Kingdom an improved design movement. The movement of the theoretical guidance is John Ruskin, sports main character is an artist and poet William Morris. In the United States, "arts and crafts movement" for the Chicago School of Architecture has great influence, especially its representative figures Louis Sullivan influence by movement. At the same time, arts and crafts movement also widely affected continental Europe part of the country. Arts and crafts movement was to industrialized great reflection, and for the design of the movement after laid a foundation.
In London in 1851 crystal palace held the first world expo, the exhibition hall is by setting Vinton Gray Cerf design, no matter from function and looks, crystal palace are not succeeded, the value of it is to the use of new materials. At the time of the exhibits, industrial products was occupied very big part, appearance is very ugly. According to the situation of "Art" movement in the several years gradually development, when the campaign began to decline, but there was an important promoting factors in London in 1888, established technology Art Exhibition association
2.3 Who was /were the founder?
William Morris as the founder of "art", was born on March 24, 1834, on October 3, 1896 died. He also has been regarded as the industry and the capitalist reality hopeless dreams and idealist, his ideal is the design for social reform.
The theory and practice of Morris in Britain has great influence, some young artists and architects have to follow, design and innovation, which in 1880-1910 years formed a revolutionary high tide design, this is the so-called "arts and crafts movement". This movement in Britain as the center, spread to many countries in Europe and America, and the present modern design movement has produced profound influence.
2.4 What was the founding ideas or philosophy behind the era?
Arts and crafts movement was the root cause of the artists can't solve the problems of industrialization, in an attempt to escape from reality, retreat to the middle ages gothic period. Sports negative the industrialization and machinery production, cause it is impossible to become a leading the trend of the main style. From ideology perspective, it is negative but it later designer to provide the reference to the "new art movement" has profound influence in industrialized. The harsh realities in front, they feel helpless, they look forward to the medieval romance, or fantasy medieval romantic emotional appeal, therefore, for through the art and design to escape from reality, retire to their ideal peach garden - medieval romance in go to, escape to their poetical medieval, gothic period to. This is the 19th century Britain and other European countries have a "art" the root of the movement from ideological perspective, this movement is negative, won't there may be a way out. Because it is in the magnificent and victorious in the great industrial revolution, in an attempt to avoid revolution cataractous an intellectual utopian dream. However, because of its generation, but later the designer to provide a new design style, and provide the reference and all previous design movement different new attempt to model.
2.5 List the designers following this era
John Ruskin (John Ruskin, 1819 ~ 1900), Victoria period a great artist. Las gold interest dabble in range is very wide, he is not only a British writers, artists, art critics, or philosophers, teachers and amateur geologists.
William Morris is the 19th century British designers, poet, early socialist activists and self-taught craftsmen. He design, supervise the hand or manufacturing furniture, textiles, flower window, wallpaper and other kinds of adornment triggered arts and crafts movement, change since Victorian times the popular taste.
2.6 Illustrate sample of their works
Arts and crafts movement produced in the so-called "conscience crisis", artists for irresponsibly fudge products and its natural environmental damage very saddened, and tries to build products and producers or the restoration of the standard. In the design, arts and crafts movement from arts and crafts "faithful to material" and "appropriate for purpose" value to draw inspiration from nature, and the concise and faithful adornment as the foundation of its activities. Arts and crafts movement is not a specific style, but a variety of styles coexist, essentially, it is through art and design to transform society, and set up to craft as the leading production model test.
2.7 Any other relevant facts