The Effects From Massage Health And Social Care Essay

Skeletal System

muscular system

nervous system

endocrine [hormone]system

cardiovascular system

respiratory system

lymphatic and immune system

renal [urinary] system

digestive system

integumentary system [skin,hair,nails]

reproductive system

The systems of the body are all linked together by the benefits of massage. These main systems all working together to allow us to maintain every aspect of our life from standing to sleeping, breathing. If any one of these system fail, the entire individual suffers, massage has been proven to have a positive effect on all the systems.

The first contact is physical through contact with the therapist’s hands on the skin stimulating the skin, warming it, to increase blood, lymphatic and nutrient flow throughout all the systems of the body, feeding the skin, encourages cell regeneration, increased production of sweat and sebum which excretes toxins from the body, it causes vasodilation, erythema and desquamation which improves skin colour and texture. The therapist can feel and identify through touching areas that are tense and need work through different massage techniques. Through the therapists touch the client will be able to identify areas they feel sore or tense to feedback to the therapist to adapt the massage to suit their needs

Effects on skin

desquamation – the removal of dead skin cells from the surface of the skin – improving texture

stimulation of sweat and sebaceous glands giving a cleansing effect assisting in the removal of waste products.

Increased sebum keeps the skin supple

warming the skin, temporarily producing an erythema.

Increased blood supply, which carries nutrients to the skin and may be seen as redness [erythema]

Improved elasticity of the skin

Under the skin lies the network of the nervous system which respond to touch sending messages to the brain which sends impulses to the body to respond and relax or be stimulated depending on the type of massage used. It also effects the release of endorphins which effect mood and pain. By reducing pain it can make a persons quality of life so much better and help them get a good nights sleep. Massage can create in-nervation – by squeezing into muscles we may impede the nerve ending message to the muscle for a fraction of a second. If the impulse message is saying "be tight", we break the message and cause the muscle to relax. The overall stimulating effect of massage will improve the transmission of nerve impulses by stimulating the neourons [nerve cells], improving the efficiency of the transmission of messages.

Stimulates Nervous System -boosting energy

Calms the Nervous System - relaxing

Massage may have a sedative, stimulating or an exhausting effect on the nervous system depending on the type and length of massage treatment given

Relieves restlessness and insomnia

Relieves pain due to pinched nerves

Decreases chronic pain

Stimulates the release of endorphins (the body's natural painkiller)

Swedish massage uses long, heavy strokes from the bottom to the top of muscles. Deep tissue massage involves pressure applied from the therapists hands to large muscle groups. Massage can help to tone muscles by use of tapotement movements such as hacking which stimulate blood, repetitively contracting and relaxing the muscle fibres in the same way exercise does. A general effleurage massage can relax the muscles. As facial muscles are delicate particular movements should be used worked in the direction of the muscle fibres. A skilled massage therapist can target specific problem areas bring relief to damaged muscles. Scar tissue forms and binds on muscle fibres that were injured or had surgery performed on. It isn't always replaced with healthy muscle fibres. Every time the same muscles are injured, more scar tissue forms, continuously layering and restricting movement. Performing deep tissue massage techniques helps move that scar tissue out and free up movement. This benefits clients/athletes as they often get repetitive injuries in the same area.

Massage has an indirect effect on the skeletal system/bones by affecting the surrounding tissues and other systems of the body. Massage reduces the stress on bones and joints by increasing muscle tone and balance. Bones are the site of blood cell creation, so it is important for the bones to have nutrition, oxygen and waste removal. Blood transports nutrients and oxygen to, and waste products away from, the cells of the body, including the bones. Massage helps to increase blood circulation which has a positive effect on the bones.

Passive and active joint movement during massage can help to maintain joint movement and increase range of motion. Massage and joint movement helps to prevent adhesions around joints and decreases localized muscle spasms. Massage can help to reduce inflammation around joints, which in turn will help preserve and improve range of motion. Massage relaxes and stretches the muscles, allowing for more fluid joint movement. increasing circulation, lymphatic flow and synovial fluid which help to improve and maintain joint mobility.

The lymphatic system works alongside the circulatory system. It consists of a network of lymph vessels connected throughout the body which drain through lymph nodes[glands] removing excess oedema from the tissues and harmful toxins, waste products from the body. In massage we move towards these nodes stimulating the lymph under the skin and guiding it to the drainage point where the waste products are excreted from the body. The cleaned lymph fluid is then carried back t the cardiovascular system through the heart with fresh nourishment, white blood cells, antibodies to boost our immunity. So regular massage can help to boost the immune system, improving personal health. Massage improves blood circulation, relieves congestion of lymph, It helps with the complete emptying of chambers on each contraction, strengthening heart muscles through allowing blood to return to vital organs , especially through inactivity or illness

Increases blood flow (to tissues and organs), which can relieve much muscular and joint pain (especially associated with swelling)

Increases the flow of oxygen and nutrients (to cells and tissues), improving and relieving congestion throughout the body

Increases the number of red blood cells, especially in cases of anemia

Lower blood pressure

Reduces heart rate (helps develop a stronger heart)

Elimination of metabolic waste

In the repiratory system we can use pounding or vibratory movements over the chest wall to loosen secretions and make the client cough. Massaging encourages slower, deep breathing which is known to relieve stress. It improves lung capacity as we breathe in more oxygen and exhale more carbon dioxide.

Develops respiratory muscles

Regulates respiration

Promotes deeper and easier breathing

Massage can increase the amount of urine passing to the bladder due to the increased circulation and lymph drainage form the tissues, cleansing the body of waste toxic debris from the body. It helps increase kidney action to remove wastes of protein metabolism.

The Digestive and Excretory Systems help get rid of all the toxins and poisons lingering in your body. Massage aides the normal movements throughout your alimentary canal (digestive tract) assisting stress-releasing effects. Massage can reduce cramping or spasm in the digestive tract. It promotes activity of parasympathetic nervous system, stimulating digestion. It stimulates activity of liver and kidneys. Massage will cause stimulated activity of organs due to improved circulation and waste removal enzyme production for digestion. Massage may relax abdominal and intestinal walls when tense or spastic and can reduce nausea.Gentle massage over the large intestine in a clockwise direction may stimulate peristalsis in the small intestine and colon and prevent constipation, colic and gas. It also stimulates the abdominal nerves increasing secretion of digestive enzymes. Care should be taken over this area not too apply too much pressure as there are no bones protecting the organs.

Massage and has an effect on the Endocrine system. It counteracts the negative of the hormone adrenalin which can cause us to feel panicked and rapid heartbeat. Endorphins are released giving a sense of well-being. Oxytocin is released by both the recipient and the therapist giving a nurturing loving feeling. It balances the body, bringing it back to a state of homeostasis. Massage effects the endocrine system as it helps the body to restore and heal itself, helps us sleep, keeps our immune system in balance.

Massage can be used to treat stress as the calming effect it has boosts a depressed immune system.

Massage balances the release of reproductive hormones and may increase fertility. Stress can be a large factor in infertility, through massage couples can relax, switch off, forget their worries and enjoy touching each in lovemaking. Massage reduces depression and anxiety associated with PMS, it helps reduce excess fluid retention and helps prepare for the birthing process.

IV. Nervous System Massage directly sedates or stimulates the nerves, there by increasing or depressing, nutritional and functional activity of your entire anatomy.

Balances nerves.

Effects on the Nervous System

Massage stimulates sensory receptors: this can either stimulate or soothe nerves depending on the techniques used.

It also stimulates the parasympathetic nervous system, helping promote relaxation and the reduction of stress.

Massage helps to reduce pain by the release of endorphins (endorphins are also known to elevate the mood).

The Nervous System

During early foetal development, we are simply a ball of cells that separate into three layers, called the zygote. The outer layer the Ectoderm will develop to become the appendages, skin and nervous system.  It is therefore no surprise that massage and touching the skin has such a powerful effect on our psyche and mental well being.

 Stimulates the parasympathetic nervous system.  This has the effect of slowing down the systems of the body, (except digestion) and encouraging the body to repair and renew. It also switches on immunity.

Creates in-nervation.  By squeezing into muscles we may impede the nerve message to the muscle for a fraction of a second. If the message is saying "be tight", we may break this message and cause the muscle to relax.

Improves transmission of nerve impulses.  The overall stimulating effect of massage will stimulate the neurons, (nerve cells), improving the efficiency of the transmission of messages.

Pain control.  We have different nerve receptors to take different messages back to the brain. Some of these messages travel quicker than others. Pleasurable messages travel quicker than painful ones. We can therefore mask pain by giving a pleasurable massage. This phenomenon is known as the pain gate control theory. Heat works in a similar way. If people are unwell and in pain they may not sleep well. By reducing their pain for a while, we may improve the quality of their sleep, which will have a positive impact on their health.

 Psychologically:

– Massage gives us a feeling of well being. Research has shown that babies who are not given loving touch may wither and even die.

- It allows us to switch off, unwind and be at peace for a while.

- Stilling the body and calming the mind allows us to get in touch with our spiritual side.

Nervous system- This is a very complex system by which all parts of the body are controlled. It is made up of the brain, spinal cord and nerves. It also includes special sense organs such as the eyes, ears and taste buds.

In itself, the nervous system is broken up into the central and peripheral nervous systems. The central nervous system is made up of the brain and spinal cord. The peripheral nervous system is made up of cranial and spinal nerves. There are twelve cranial nerves that carry messages to and from the brain. The spinal nerves are those that carry messages to and from the spinal cord.

Nervous System Massage directly sedates or stimulates the nerves, there by increasing or depressing, nutritional and functional activity of your entire anatomy.

Balances nerves.

Effects on the Nervous System

Massage stimulates sensory receptors: this can either stimulate or soothe nerves depending on the techniques used.

It also stimulates the parasympathetic nervous system, helping promote relaxation and the reduction of stress.

Massage helps to reduce pain by the release of endorphins (endorphins are also known to elevate the mood).

The Nervous System

During early foetal development, we are simply a ball of cells that separate into three layers, called the zygote. The outer layer the Ectoderm will develop to become the appendages, skin and nervous system.  It is therefore no surprise that massage and touching the skin has such a powerful effect on our psyche and mental well being.

Stimulates the parasympathetic nervous system.  This has the effect of slowing down the systems of the body, (except digestion) and encouraging the body to repair and renew. It also switches on immunity.

Creates in-nervation.  By squeezing into muscles we may impede the nerve message to the muscle for a fraction of a second. If the message is saying "be tight", we may break this message and cause the muscle to relax.

Improves transmission of nerve impulses.  The overall stimulating effect of massage will stimulate the neurons, (nerve cells), improving the efficiency of the transmission of messages. 

BENEFITS OF MASSAGE

Pain control.  We have different nerve receptors to take different messages back to the brain. Some of these messages travel quicker than others. Pleasurable messages travel quicker than painful ones. We can therefore mask pain by giving a pleasurable massage. This phenomenon is known as the pain gate control theory. Heat works in a similar way. If people are unwell and in pain they may not sleep well. By reducing their pain for a while, we may improve the quality of their sleep, which will have a positive impact on their health.

Psychologically:

– Massage gives us a feeling of well being. Research has shown that babies who are not given loving touch may wither and even die.

- It allows us to switch off, unwind and be at peace for a while.

- Stilling the body and calming the mind allows us to get in touch with our spiritual side.

Nervous system- This is a very complex system by which all parts of the body are controlled. It is made up of the brain, spinal cord and nerves. It also includes special sense organs such as the eyes, ears and taste buds.

In itself, the nervous system is broken up into the central and peripheral nervous systems. The central nervous system is made up of the brain and spinal cord. The peripheral nervous system is made up of cranial and spinal nerves. There are twelve cranial nerves that carry messages to and from the brain. The spinal nerves are those that carry messages to and from the spinal cord.

The Endocrine System

By balancing the body, and bringing it back to a state of homeostasis, the release of hormones may become more balanced.

Relaxation and massage counteracts the negative effects of adrenaline, the hormone released to cause the fight and flight response.

Production of endorphins. The body’s natural opiates, to give us a high feeling.

Production of oxytocin, which is associated with breast feeding mothers, but is actually released by everyone and gives us a nurturing and loving feeling. It will be released by the massage therapist as well as the recipient of the massage.

The Endocrine System

1)         By balancing the body, and bringing it back to a state of homeostasis, the release of hormones may become more balanced.

2)         Relaxation and massage counteracts the negative effects of adrenaline, the hormone released to cause the fight and flight response.

3)         Production of endorphins. The body’s natural opiates, to give us a high feeling.

4)        Production of oxytocin, which is associated with breast feeding mothers, but is actually released by everyone and gives us a nurturing and loving feeling. It will be released by the massage therapist as well as the recipient of the massage.

Digestive System

Improves function of liver.

Stimulates the abdominal nerves resulting in increased secretion of digestive enzymes and juices by the organs.

Peristalsis is stimulated and the muscular walls of the intestines are strengthened.

Relieves spastic colon.

increase peristalsis in the large intestine, helping to relieve constipation, colic and gas

promote the activity of the parasympathetic nervous system, which stimulates digestion

1)  Due to the stress response, our digestion systems can be upset or switched off. Massage will stimulate the parasympathetic nervous system to switch digestion back on.

2)         The mechanical action of massage conducted in a clockwise direction will stimulate and assist the process of digestion and peristalsis. (The muscular squeezing of food along the intestines, by the intestinal walls.)

3)         Massage speeds up the elimination of waste products from the body, reducing their toxicity and alleviating constipation.

3. Digestive system - The digestive system is comprised of all the organs that help break down food into a useable substance for the body. It includes the mouth, teeth, tongue, esophagus, stomach, duodenum, small and large intestines, colon, and rectum. It will also include accessory organs like the salivary glands, liver, gallbladder, pancreas and spleen.

The Reproductive System

Balances the release of reproductive hormones.

Relaxes people and has a role in enhancing love making, fertility etc.

Balances the release of reproductive hormones.

Relaxes people and has a role in enhancing love making, fertility etc.

Reproductive system- The reproductive system includes the external and internal organs as well as related inner structures that are required for the reproduction of another human being. These organs include the ovaries, testes, fallopian tubes, vas deferens, uterus, prostrate, urethra, penis, vagina, clitoris, vulva and labia.

Endocrine system- Although there are few parts to the endocrine system it is vital to the health of the individual. It is made up of organs called endocrine glands that produce hormones. These hormones in turn regulate growth, use of food within the cells and reproduction. The thyroid and pituitary glands are the two main endocrine glands.

It is through these ten specialized systems all working together that allows us to maintain every aspect of life from standing to sleeping to breathing. If any one of these systems fail, the entire individual suffers.

Effects on the Skin

improved circulation to the skin, increased nutrition to the cells and encouraging cell regeneration

increased production of sweat from the sweat glands, helping to excrete urea and waste products through the skin

vaso-dilation of the surface capillaries helping to improve the skin’s colour

improved elasticity of the skin

increased sebum production, helping to improve the skin’s suppleness and resistance to infection.

Massage increases the blood supply, which carries nutrients to the skin and may be seen as a redness (erythema).

Massage can have an exfoliating effect and removes dead skin cells.

The skin will be fed with the nutrients in the oils.  The oil goes directly into the blood stream and feeds all the organs of the body.

Improves the condition of the skin.

Can reduce cellulite with diet and exercise.

Improves the elasticity of the skin, particularly scarred skin.

Overall, massage gives the client a better body awareness, the first key to taking greater responsibility for their health and well being.

Integumentary (skin) system- The integumentary system is the largest of all systems. It is comprised of the skin, hair, nails as well as the sweat and oil glands. It functions as a protective covering for the underlying tissues against drying and invasion by toxins or pathogenic organisms. The skin is also responsible for regulating body temperature.

The skin is made up of three distinct tissue layers. The epidermis is the outermost layer and is made entirely of epithelial cells. There are no blood vessels in the epidermis.

The dermis is the middle layer and contains many of the blood vessels, nerve endings and glands while the subcutaneous is the innermost layer. This layer is a combination of elastic, fibrous and adipose tissues.

Circulatory System

Improves blood circulation, relieves congestion of lymph.

Strengthens heart muscles, through allowing blood return to vital organs, especially through inactivity or illness.

Movement of massage manipulation pushes lymph throughout the body, there by strengthening the immune system and eliminating toxic waste.

Lymph lubricates muscles, aids nourishment to blood, which carries this throughout the body.

Massage reduces strain on the heart, through the uniform flow of arterial and venous blood, which aids complete emptying of the chambers on each contraction.

Circulatory system- The circulatory system is a closed system whose main function is to carry blood to all parts of the body. It is made up of the heart, arteries and systemic arterioles which carry oxygenated blood from the heart to the cells in the body as well as the systemic capillaries and veins which carry deoxygenated blood from the body back to the heart.

Massage encourages blood flow to the extremities, organs and superficial blood vessels. We have enough capillaries in our body if lined up end to end to go around the world not once but twice!! Yet we only have 5-6 litres of blood. Whenever possible therefore, we apply firm effleurage to push blood into superficial capillaries. This is often noticeable on the skin where particularly on white skin a redness may be seen.