The History Of Smoking And Pregnancy Nursing Essay

Smoking & Pregnancy. (n.d.). Alberta Health Services. Retrieved February 11, 2013, from

This publication is about smoking while pregnant. It talks about the various ways of quitting smoking even before getting pregnant. It talks about encouraging pregnant women and supporting their choice to quit smoking. "It states that quitting smoking can prevent a miscarriage, your baby being born too early, having a still born baby, also Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) ("Smoking & Pregnancy", n.d.). This article has vital information for expecting mothers that are concerned about their smoking addiction and second hand smoke affecting their infant.

The credibility to this article is Alberta Health Services website. It has a vast amount of information about various health topics. Many of them include infant care, prenatal care and childcare. If you have a health concern the search engine on the website can redirect you to various credible articles for your aide.

The textbook states various consequences of smoking that directly correlate to the article. The textbook indicates that smoking causes "higher rates of miscarriage, still birth, premature and low birth weight" (Donatelle & Thompson, 2011, p. 135-149). Although the textbook does not provide many preventative measures upon quitting smoking during pregnancy it does provide general ways a regular individual can kick the habit. The article in fact provides sufficient information on quitting and prevention of smoking during pregnancy.

Smoking and Pregnancy. (2010). Alberta Health Services. Retrieved February 11, 2013, from

This article is about pregnancy and the effects of smoking, during and after pregnancy. The article poses many questions about the effects of smoking while pregnant and after pregnancy. These include; "does tobacco hurt the baby? How to protect my baby from tobacco smoke? Is it too late to quit after being pregnant?"("Smoking and Pregnancy", 2010). All these questions have been adequately answered in the best interest of both the mother and the baby. The dangers of smoking have been addressed and ways of quitting during and after pregnancy have also been addressed. ("Smoking and Pregnancy", 2010).

The credibility to this article goes to Alberta Health services website. This website gives a wide range of medical facts for people that live in Alberta. It has an easy to use search engine that helps narrow down and find what you are inquiring to look for. Not only does it have medical facts but it also lets you know where all the hospitals in Alberta are, for immediate access to any facility.

The textbook states a brief but adequate amount of information about pregnancy and smoking. It also states important information about the "effects of smoking while pregnant and stresses about the dangers of smoking in general" (Donatelle & Thompson, 2011, p. 211-217). There is certain information in the textbook that is not stated in this article. This article gives detailed but easy to read information about smoking and pregnancy and is beneficial for the general public to read and interpret.

Obesity Facts. (n.d.). Home | Alberta Health Services. Retrieved February 12, 2013, from

This short information ridden article is about obesity and how it effects

individuals. It talks about the "two million Albertans that are overweight or obese and that 61 per cent of Canadian adults and 26 per cent of children are now considered overweight or obese."("Obesity Facts", n.d). It also states that "obesity is linked to many other chronic diseases, it contributes to 25-30 per cent of cancers, 80 per cent of cardiovascular disease and 90 per cent of Type 2 Diabetes" ("Obesity Facts", n.d.). The article talks about the financial aspect of obesity and the costs of the economy and how overwhelming it is to the health system.

This article was found on the Alberta Health Services website through the search engine. It has many other related articles that correlate to obesity and the prevention of obesity. It is a credible site because each article is moderated buy a physician or is based on credible medical studies. It lets you know current medical breakthroughs in the health care system in Alberta and how to get involved in the community.

The textbook addresses obesity in a more knowledgeable and educational way. It clearly defines obesity and it shows a "Body Mass Index" chart that identifies your particular rating in terms of height, weight and sex to determine whether you are obese or not (Donatelle & Thompson, 2011, p. 136). It also mentions the risks of obesity in a more detailed manner, such as "genetic disorders, endocrine influences, developmental factors, metabolic rates, and psychosocial factors" (Donatelle & Thompson, 2011, p. 135-149). The textbook has less statistical information but has more knowledgeable and preventable information on this particular topic (Donatelle & Thompson, 2011, p. 135-149).

Obesity & Mental Health | Apple Magazine. (n.d.). Home | Alberta Health Services. Retrieved February 12, 2013, from

This insightful article is about obesity and mental health. It talks about the various

interpretations of obesity in Canada. The impact of obesity is clearly addressed by the "Body Mass Index or weight-to-height ratio of more than 30 and are at greater risk for chronic conditions such as heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, colon cancer, breast cancer, type 2 diabetes, gall bladder disease and osteoarthritis"("Obesity & Mental Health | Apple Magazine", n.d.). It also talks about the emotional aspects of obesity and how it could correlate to "depression, addictions, acute anxiety, eating disorders, attention deficit disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder that all could affect hunger"("Obesity & Mental Health | Apple Magazine", n.d.). Lastly this article address the steps Alberta is taking to end obesity called "The AHS Obesity Initiative" ("Obesity & Mental Health | Apple Magazine", n.d.).

The credibility of this article goes to The Alberta Health Services website. The Alberta health services website is a website for Albertans with health concerns or health inquiries to find information that is current and credible. This website gives a vast amount of information on the obesity topic and many more health concerns.

In terms of information the health textbook has much more information about the risk factors of obesity and the preventative measures of obesity. It talks about more physiological aspects of obesity such as the "brown fat cells that send signals to the brain that control metabolism and thermogenesis. It also talks about the developmental factors and metabolic rates" (Donatelle & Thompson, 2011, p. 135-149).

What is Addiction? (n.d.). Home | Alberta Health Services. Retrieved February 12, 2013, from

This article is about addiction and how to detect addictions. It clearly identifies the

stages of detecting addictions such as; "tendency to develop strong, long-lasting habits, each drug and each habit has its own effects on people so you need to understand habitual behavior generally, addictions are genetic, individuals can develop more than one addiction and they can be interchangeable, lastly watch patterns of behaviors such as smoking a pack a day" ("What is Addiction?", n.d.,). The importance of helping and avoiding addictions is also addressed.

This information was found on the Alberta Health Services website. It is a credible medical website run by the government of Alberta. It helps individuals with their various medical concerns and also provides up to date information about almost any medical concern. It is a vital tool for individuals looking for Alberta based information about health care and health aide concerns.

The Health textbook defines addiction as " a persistent, compulsive dependence on a behavior or substance" (Donatelle & Thompson, 2011, p. 228) . It talks about the various stages of addiction such as the tolerance and the signs of withdrawals of people suffering with addiction. It addresses the "addictive process such as nurturing through avoidance, compulsion, loss of control, negative consequences, denial, and relapse" (Donatelle & Thompson, 2011, p. 228-230). The different types of addiction have also been stated, such as gambling, alcohol, shopping, drug and psychological addictions. (Donatelle & Thompson, 2011, p. 228-230)

Keeping Kids Addiction-Free. (n.d.). Home | Alberta Health Services. Retrieved February 12, 2013, from

This publication is about keeping kids addiction-free. This is an important notion in terms of child development into adulthood. This publication talks about "strategies to prevent school age children from abusing alcohol and other drugs" ("Keeping Kids Addiction-Free", n.d.,). It is divided into four sections that include; "The power of parents", "Talking with your kids", "Helping your child make good decisions" and "What parents need to know about drugs" ("Keeping Kids Addiction-Free", n.d.,). All this information is vital for parents to educate their children about addiction and prevention of addictions.

This publication was retrieved from the Alberta Health Services web page. It has many helpful articles concerning addictions, and addiction counseling and various institutions for the aide to addiction. The search engine will prompt any inquiries individuals have concerning their healthcare in Alberta. It is credible on the account of the Alberta government running and moderating the entire website.

The health textbook talks about the many ways to detect and prevent addiction. But it does not talk about specific ways to prevent addiction in children. The publication does give a broad understanding of the addiction process, and addiction in the general individual. The texts talks about the "signs of addiction such as dealing with compulsive behaviors, lack of control or a substance or behavior, physical damage, the inability to perceive that addictive behaviors are destructive, and the tendency to return to the addictive behaviors"(Donatelle & Thompson, 2011, p. 230). These all play a vital part in the detection of an addiction.