Aggressive And Anger Aggression Philosophy Essay

Introduction

Anger is a common emotion felt by everyone, often many times a day. Whether it is road rage experienced when driving during rush hour traffic or the feeling of outrage associated with learning of social injustices half way across the world, anger is a part of our daily practice. It is an emotion that has been categorized, along with other emotions and acts, into the seven deadly sins of man.

Why this is considered a sin? Why do we feel this anger? Can getting angry ever have a positive effect on our lives or is it always negative? What step should be taken against certain angers?

In modern society

All that we can use to develop an idea of one’s personality is how to respond to different emotions. If there were nothing to evaluate how we would then interact with one another? Anger, in this respect, could be argued as virtuous. The lack of anger could result in a problematic society. Conversely, the excess of anger could result in a similar fashion. One could image that effect as one of self-interest.

Thomas Hobbes maybe put it best in his description of the "State of Nature".

Aggressive and anger aggression

Freud inferred from his observational studies of numerous patients and children that aggression anger is an inborn instinct.

Lorenz too believed that anger aggressions are innate instincts with animals and human beings. This basic anger behaviour should have some outlets, such as competitive sports, hard labour such as gardening, walking, recognizing the stimulus that provokes anger aggression, a persuasive leader, and not rewarding any aggressive behaviour etc.

Anger is displeasure: its opposite is complacency. It is that sensation, which we feels when a person seeks to prevent us from obtaining the good we wish to enjoy, when he strives to deprive us of the good we possess, or when he endeavors to bring upon us the evil we dread.

The symptoms of aggressive anger are:

Bullying (such as threatening people directly)

Destructiveness (such as destroying objects)

Grandiosity (such as showing off)

Hurtfulness (such as physical violence)

Manic behavior (such as speaking so fast)

Selfishness (such as ignoring others’ needs)

Threats (such as frightening others)

Unjust blaming (such as accusing other people on your own mistakes)

Unpredictability (such as explosive rages over minor frustration)

Vengeance (such as being over-punitive)

Every power of the human mind is now perverted by sin. Anger, among the rest, is become a depraved passion; but it existed before it was depraved: and, being the appointment of him who is perfect in purity, must in itself be an innocent passion, allowable on just occasions, and to be exercised in a proper and becoming manner. Be angry and sin not. To endeavor to banish it entirely, from our minds, would be an attempt equally foolish and fruitless.

Types of Anger

 Here are 12 of the most common kinds of anger. See if you recognize any of them.

Behavioral Anger – This type of anger usually describes someone who is aggressive towards whatever triggered their anger… this can be another person. This can be someone who always seems to act out, or is troublesome. Sometimes the outcome is physical abuse or attacks against others.

Passive Anger – People, who use sarcasm or mockery as a way to hide their feelings, typically express this form of anger. They tend to avoid confrontations with people or situations.

Verbal Anger – Anger that’s expressed mostly through words and not actions. Verbal abuse is used to criticize and insult people (put them down) and complain.

Constructive Anger – This type of anger is a key factor in driving people to want to join movements and groups. It’s the feeling of being fed up with how things are going, and the need to make a positive change.

Self-inflicted Anger – Anger that translates in causing harm to one’s own body. People who use this type of anger are acting out by punishing themselves for something they’ve done wrong. Some examples include starvation, cutting, and overeating.

Volatile Anger – This form of anger occurs in varying degrees… it comes and goes. It can just appear out of nowhere, or build into something bigger. It can either explode or go unnoticed. It could even be expressed verbally or physically.

Chronic Anger – Ever come across someone that’s seemingly angry for no reason, or mad all the time? More than likely, they were exhibiting this type of anger. People with chronic anger are just mad in general.

Judgmental Anger – Putting other people down and making them feel bad about themselves, or abilities, is a form of judgmental anger. This person expresses their feelings by making those around them feel worthless.

Overwhelmed Anger – This person relieves stress by shouting, and flying off the handle, when they can’t take situations and things that are happening around them, anymore. When things are just too overwhelming… which is why it’s called ‘overwhelmed anger’.

Retaliatory Anger – This is probably one of the most common, of the bunch. Retaliatory anger usually occurs as a direct response to someone else lashing out at you… has that happened to you once or twice?

Paranoid Anger – This anger comes about when someone feels jealousy towards others, because they feel other people have or want to take what’s rightfully theirs. Or they may act out because they feel intimidated by others.

Deliberate Anger – Using anger to gain power over a situation or person. A person expressing this form of anger may not start out angry, but will get angry when something does not turn out the way they wanted. Or, someone doesn’t see eye to eye with something they planned.

Causes

People feel angry when they sense that they or someone they care about has been offended, when they are certain about the nature and cause of the angering event, when they are certain someone else is responsible, and when they feel they can still influence the situation or cope with it.

For instance, if a person's car is damaged, they will feel angry if someone else did it (e.g. another driver rear-ended it), but will feel sadness instead if it was caused by situational forces (e.g. a hailstorm) or guilt and shame if they were personally responsible (e.g. he crashed into a wall out of momentary carelessness).

According to Novaco, "Anger experiences are embedded or nested within an environmental-temporal context. Disturbances that may not have involved anger at the outset leave residues that are not readily recognized but that operate as a lingering backdrop for focal provocations (of anger)."

Cognitive effect

When people are in a certain emotional state, they tend to pay more attention to, or remember, things that are charged with the same emotion; so it is with anger. For instance, if you are trying to persuade someone that a tax increase is necessary, if the person is currently feeling angry you would do better to use an argument that elicits anger ("more criminals will escape justice") than, say, an argument that elicits sadness ("there will be fewer welfare benefits for disabled children"). Also, unlike other negative emotions, which focus attention on all negative events, anger only focuses attention on anger-causing events.

Anger can make a person more desiring of an object to which his anger is tied. In a 2010 Dutch study, test subjects were primed to feel anger or fear by being shown an image of an angry or fearful face, and then were shown an image of a random object. When subjects were made to feel angry, they expressed more desire to possess that object than subjects who had been primed to feel fear.

Neurology of Anger

In neuro-imaging studies of anger, the most consistently activated region of the brain was the lateral orbit-o-frontal cortex. This region is associated with approach motivation and positive affective processes.

Psychology and sociology of Anger

Three types of anger are recognized by psychologists:

The first form of anger, named "hasty and sudden anger" by Joseph Butler,

An 18th century English, bishop is connected to the impulse for self-preservation. It is shared between humans and non-human animals and occurs when tormented or trapped.

The second type of anger is named "settled and deliberate" anger and is a reaction to perceived deliberate harm or unfair treatment by others. These two forms of anger are episodic.

The third type of anger is called dispositional and is related more to character traits than to instincts or cognitions. Irritability, sullenness and churlishness are examples of the last form of anger.

Religious perspectives

The Qur'an (the central religious text of Islam) attributes anger to prophets and believers and Muhammad's enemies. It mentions the anger of Musa (also known as Moses) against his people for worshiping a golden calf.

The anger of Yunus (also known as Jonah). Allah in a moment and his eventual realization of his error and his repentance; Allah's removal of anger from the hearts of believers and making them merciful after the fighting against Muhammad's enemies is over.

In general suppression of anger is deemed a praiseworthy quality and Muhammad (P.B.U.H) is attributed to have said,

"Power resides not in being able to strike another, but in being able to keep the self under control when anger arises."

Furthermore in another narration the Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) was asked about a short good deed, to which he replied not to be angry then he was asked again and replied with the same answer and when he was asked a third time he said "don't be angry and heaven your reward".

End Note

My design in this essay is,

1. To point out the springs and causes of sinful anger....

2. To consider with what we may lawfully be angry....

3. What restrictions should attend our anger?

4. To consider when it is sinful....

5. To give some cautions against that anger which is violent and criminal, and to prescribe some rules for the suppression of it.

Conclusion

If we ourselves were perfectly free from sin, and were to converse only with creatures entirely innocent, it does not appear that there would be any occasion for the exercise of anger.

But we live in a world where iniquity ends, where oppression and injustice every day is practiced; and as such there are many occasions for a righteous and holy resentment. It is good to be zealously affected always in a good thing. God, who does nothing in vain, has implanted in our natures the irascible passions, that we might rebuke those who trample on his laws, and treat their fellow-creatures with cruelty. But our natures, alas, are so depraved and disordered through our apostasy from God, that in this as in other things, we pervert that which is right. The anger which is exercised in general, is very sinful and mischievous.

Anger is one of those emotions that can be destructive and lead to various problems if it goes unnoticed. Although it can be tough sometimes, with the various types of anger around, recognizing when anger first occurs is a key factor in determining what to do when it rears its ugly head.